It persisted as the dominant approach in Western moral philosophy until at least the Enlightenment, suffered a momentary eclipse during the nineteenth century, but re-emerged in Anglo-American philosophy in the late s.
Faustina Kowalska Many diaries of notable figures have been published and form an important element of autobiographical literature.
Samuel Pepys — is the earliest diarist who is well known today; his diaries, preserved in Magdalene College, Cambridgewere first transcribed and published in Pepys was amongst the first who took the diary beyond mere business transaction notation, into the realm of the personal.
Pepys' contemporary John Evelyn also kept a notable diary, and their works are among the most important primary sources for the English Restoration period, and consist of eyewitness accounts of many great events, such as the Great Plague of Londonand the Great Fire of London.
The practice of posthumous publication of diaries of literary and other notables began in the 19th century. As examples, the Grasmere Journal of Dorothy Wordsworth — was published in ; the Journals of Fanny Burney — were published in ; the diaries of Henry Crabb Robinson — were published in Since the 19th century the publication of diaries by their authors has become commonplace — notably amongst politicians seeking justification but also amongst artists and litterateurs of all descriptions.
Amongst late 20th-century British published political diaries, those of Richard CrossmanTony Benn and Alan Clark are representative, the latter being more indiscreet in the tradition of the diaries of Chips Channon. One of the most famous modern diaries, widely read and translated, is the posthumously published The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frankwho wrote it while in hiding during the German occupation of Amsterdam in the s.
Otto Frank edited his daughter's diary and arranged for its publication after the War. Many edits were made before the diary was published in other countries.
This was due to the sexually explicit material, which also led to some libraries banning the book. A strong psychological effect may arise from having an audience for one's self-expression, even if this is the book one writes in, only read by oneself — particularly in adversity. Anne Frank went so far as to address her diary as "Kitty.
Victor Klemperer was similarly concerned with recording for the future the tyrannies and hypocrisies of Nazi Germany and of its East German successor state in his diaries. In none of these cases, however, did the authors anticipate early — or indeed any — publication.
Online diary and Blog As internet access became commonly available, many people adopted it as another medium in which to chronicle their lives with the added dimension of an audience. While the format first focused on external links and topical commentary, widespread blogging tools were quickly used to create web journals.
Recent advances have also been made to enable the privacy of internet diary entries. For example, some diary software now stores entries in an encrypted format, such as bit AES Advanced Encryption Standard encryption, and others only permit access to the diary after correct PIN entry on a secure USB device.
Digital diaries[ edit ] With the popularization of mobile appsdiary or journaling apps have become available for iOS and Android. Proponents cite the following as primary reasons for journaling with digital applications: Ease and speed of typing; mobile portability; search capabilities; entry location, date, and other metadata from mobile phones; and, tags and other organizational features.4 6.
Critical Incident Journal – This type of journal entry focuses the student on analysis of a particular event that occurred during the week. By answering one of the following sets of prompts, students are asked to consider their thoughts and reactions and articulate the.
Autoethnography is a form of qualitative research in which an author uses self-reflection and writing to explore anecdotal and personal experience and connect this autobiographical story to wider cultural, political, and social meanings and understandings.
Autoethnography is a self-reflective form of writing used across various disciplines such as communication studies, performance studies.
individual assignment: reflective journal What is a Journal? Your journal should be a reflective document that provides personal, thoughtful analysis of your individual participation/progress on the group project, and your assessment of the group interactions that may have occurred during the week.
Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach that emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism).
Harmonizing Leadership: Eastern Wisdom; Western Results Described as an intellectual and physical feast of learning, Harmonizing Leadership is a unique leadership approach and style from a 2, year-old oriental philosophy. A reflective journal is a personal account of an educational experience that offers a variety of benefits, from enhancing your writing skills and helping you retain information to allowing you to express your thoughts on new ideas and theories.