Environmental Pollution is an international journal that seeks to publish papers that report results from original, novel research that addresses significant environmental pollution issues and problems and contribute new knowledge to science.
Name[ edit ] This species is referred to as S. It is a common misconception to think that MR-1 refers to "metal-reducing" instead of the original intended "manganese-reducing" as observed by Kenneth H.
Nealson, who first isolated the organism. Metal Reduction[ edit ] S. The means of reducing the metals is of particular controversy, as research using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy revealed abnormal structural protrusions resembling bacterial filaments that are thought to be involved in the metal reduction.
This process of producing an external filament is completely absent from conventional bacterial respiration and is the center of many current studies.
The mechanics of this bacterium's resistance and use of heavy metal ions is deeply related to its metabolism pathway web. Putative multidrug efflux transporters, detoxification proteins, extracytoplasmic sigma factors and PAS domain regulators are shown to have higher expression activity in presence of heavy metal.
Cytochrome c class protein SO also has an elevated transcription. The process was a chemical modification only that did not modify the organism's genome and that was divided among the bacteria's offspring, diluting the effect. Pellicle formation is extensively researched in this species.
Pellicle is usually formed in three steps: The process of pellicle formation involves significant microbial activities and related substances. For the extracellular polymeric substances, many proteins and other bio-macromolecules are required.
Many metal cations are also required in the process. Flagella are considered to contribute to pellicle formation. The biofilm needs bacterial cells to move in a certain manner, while flagella is the organelle which has locomotive function.
Nanotechnology[ edit ] S. These microbial processes allow exploration of novel applications, for example, the biosynthesis of metal nanomaterials. Many organisms can be utilized to synthesize metal nanomaterials. The extracellular electron transport chains responsible for transferring electrons across cell membranes are relatively well characterized, in particular outer membrane c-type cytochromes MtrC and OmcA.
An important example is the synthesis of silver nanoparticle by S. Silver nanoparticles are considered to be a new generation of antimicrobial as they exhibit biocidal activity towards a broad range of bacteria, and are gaining importance with the increasing resistance in antibiotics by pathogenic bacteria.
Wastewater treatment[ edit ] S. As a facultative anaerobe with branching electron transport pathwayS. Inits genomic sequence was published. It has a 4. It has a kb plasmid with open reading frames. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology.The use of plants as the production assembly of silver nanoparticles has drawn attention, because of its rapid, eco-friendly, non-pathogenic, economical protocol and providing a single step technique for the biosynthetic processes.
Simultaneous growth of carbon nanotubes on inner/outer surfaces of porous polyhedra: Advanced sulfur hosts for lithium-sulfur batteries. Hengyi Lu 1,2, Chao Zhang 1, Youfang Zhang 2, Yunpeng Huang 2, Mingkai Liu 3 (*), and Tianxi Liu 1,2 (*). 1 State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Innovation Center for.
In recent years, the development of efficient green chemistry methods for synthesis of metal nanoparticles has become a major focus of researchers.
They have investigated in order to find an eco-friendly technique for production of well-characterized nanoparticles. Today the synthesis of silver nanoparticles is very common due to their numerous applications in various fields.
Silver nanoparticles have unique properties such as: optical and catalytic properties, which, depend on the size and shape of the produced nanoparticles. Abstract. We are reviewing the state of electrochemical sensing of H 2 O 2 based on the use of metal nanoparticles.
The article is divided into subsections on sensors based on nanoparticles made from Ag, Pt, Pd, Cu, bimetallic nanoparticles and other metals.
A process for the production of metal nanoparticles. The process comprises a rapid mixing of a solution of at least about mole of a metal compound that is capable of being reduced to a metal by a polyol with a heated solution of a polyol and a substance that is capable of being adsorbed on the nanoparticles. Abstract. We are reviewing the state of electrochemical sensing of H 2 O 2 based on the use of metal nanoparticles. The article is divided into subsections on sensors based on nanoparticles made from Ag, Pt, Pd, Cu, bimetallic nanoparticles and other metals. A method of production of transition metal nanoparticles as set forth in claim 1 wherein said transition metal is one of Ni, Cu, Pd, and Pt. 3. A method of production of transition metal nanoparticles as set forth in claim 1, wherein the generated transition metal nanoparticles have a size of a diameter of 5 to 15 nm.
Vion, U.S. Patent 28,, "Improved method of using atmospheric electricity", June In power to gas production schemes, the excess power or off peak power created by wind generators or solar arrays is used for load balancing of the energy grid by storing and .