An often-fatal viral infection carried by rodents that causes influenza-like symptoms and respiratory failure. Expert Answers Certified Educator Causes and Symptoms Hantavirus, which is distantly related to Ebola virus, is transmitted through contact with the urine and droppings of wild rodents, such as the deer mouse and cotton rat. Contact usually involves the inhalation of contaminated particles in dust. Hantavirus is not transmissible between humans.
The virus can spread to humans if someone touches the bodily fluids of a rodent who has been infected. Although some of these viruses have not been associated with any known human diseases, there are others that can create potentially fatal consequences.
Just recently, even human to human transmission of hantavirus has been reported. Statistics on Hantavirus 1. Through December 31,a total of cases of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome have been reported in the United States.
Only 31 cases of Hantavirus have been reported in the United States prior to The mean age of confirmed case patients is 37 years, with the youngest known infected victim being just Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome research paper years old and the oldest being 83 years of age.
The state of California received reports of 16 cases of Hantavirus between Out of those 16 reports, 4 of them people died. The total number of Hantavirus cases in Texas in A total of 41 HPS cases have been confirmed in Texas sincethe first year it was reported.
About 32 people in the United States every year will catch Hantavirus, resulting in an incident rate of 1 in 8, The number of states in the US that have never had a reported case of Hantavirus: The most common carrier of Hantavirus in the US is the deer mouse.
Infection rates are low with Hantavirus because the virus dies almost immediately when it is exposed to sunlight.
On the eastern side of the Mississippi River, the most Hantavirus cases reported in one state is 7, in Pennsylvania. No other state has more than 3. A study by a Slovakian virologist found that higher temperatures in Western and Central Europe have been associated with more frequent Hantavirus outbreaks as vole populations increase.
The CDC notes that men have a 1. Where Does Hantavirus Come From? The hantavirus is relatively new on the scene of medical issues that face humans. The first viruses were noticed during the Korean War when troops became ill with symptoms that included hemorrhaging and shock.
The best way to prevent hantavirus from spreading is to control the rodent population that exists around the home.
It is present in every corner of the populated world. It can take up to 4 weeks for the incubation of the virus to take place. Once fully in effect, the type of virus that is in place will create specific problems. Decreased blood pressure and damage to the organs is common in both infections.
Late stage infections show the most severe symptoms and this is usually days after the first symptoms of a hantavirus infection become evident. There is no known antiviral treatment for hantavirus, but most people are able to naturally recover from an infection with supported treatments.
It may be rare, but left untreated, it can be deadly. The Effects of Hantavirus Hantavirus might be rare, but the consequence of an infection can be deadly. In total, there have been 20 known hantavirus variations that have been recognized by researchers over the years.
Only two serious diseases, however, are known to be caused by the virus. There is a hantavirus vaccine that is available, of which the Korean Army is the largest consumer in the world.
Those vaccines for hantavirus are not approved for distribution in the United States and none of the vaccines that have been promoted by the World Health Organization have gained any widespread acceptance. That means proactive prevention will always be the best course of action to take.
Clean out rodent nests if you find them on your property. Avoid contact with areas where there may be bodily fluids from deer mice.
Always wash your hands before touching your face and wear appropriate clothing that fits your environment. If you cannot avoid being in an environment where there is a possible exposure, then air-purifying respirators with N filters are able to provide immediate short-term support.
For survivors, there is good news:Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) has emerged as a new infectious disease in the United States.
We isolated Andes virus (formal name: Andes virus [ANDV], a species in the genus Hantavirus), from serum of an asymptomatic year-old Chilean boy who died 6 days later of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). The serum was obtained 12 days after his grandmother died from HPS and 2 days before he became febrile. BACKGROUND: Hantavirus is a rodent-associated human pathogen that can cause Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), a severe respiratory illness with a 38% case fatality rate. Hantavirus infection is rare in Indiana, with only two cases reported from – In specific, this paper will discuss the role of nursing that has been played in the treatment, diagnosis, and factors related with Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Deer mouse and some other types of rodents are considered the major carriers that cause Hantaviruses in humans.
Although it is still very rare with only around cases to date, HPS is . We isolated Andes virus (formal name: Andes virus [ANDV], a species in the genus Hantavirus), from serum of an asymptomatic year-old Chilean boy who died 6 days later of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).
The serum was obtained 12 days after his grandmother died from HPS and 2 days before he became febrile. We investigated geographic disparity in numbers of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) cases in the United States. The year incidences of HPS (cases/, for total and rural residents) by state did not parallel the number of cases per state.
Hanta Pulmonary Syndrome Essay, Research Paper Hanta Pulmonary Syndrome The Hanta Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a disease that has emerged in North America only recently. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a rare but severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with hantavirus.
What are the symptoms of HPS?
Early Symptoms: • Fever • Headaches • Muscle Aches • Stomach Problems. Preliminary findings suggest the employee had hantavirus pulmonary syndrome following exposure to rodent excretions in the backstretch. That area of the park is not open to the general public.