Definition[ edit ] Art history as we know it in the 21st century began in the 19th century but has precedents that date to the ancient world. Like the analysis of historical trends in politics, literature, and the sciences, the discipline benefits from the clarity and portability of the written word, but art historians also rely on formal analysissemioticspsychoanalysis and iconography. Advances in photographic reproduction and printing techniques after World War II increased the ability of reproductions of artworks.
Petrus Christus Bruges He was an important successor of Jan van Eyck, probably worked in his studio in his youth. He painted church paintings and portraits - his masterpiece is Portrait of a Young Girl - both strongly influenced by Eyck's style.
Influenced the Venetian portrait painting of Antonello da Messina Jean Clouet Best known for his miniature portrait painting - examples are in the British Royal Collection, Windsor, and the Musee Conde, Chantilly - he was one of the best miniaturists on the Continent.
Gerard David Gouda He is regarded as the last great master of the early Netherlandish school. He was a contemporary of Memling and after Memling's death was considered the town's leading master for church paintings.
Jan Gossaert Mabuse He completed his painting style in Rome, and when he returned to Flanders, became one of the most important masters of Netherlandish Romance. There is often difficulty ascribing pictures to one or the other as signature and date are often similar.
There is also very little difference in the themes of the paintings - lively, everyday genre scenes from rural and city life. Flemish illuminator, noted for his advanced miniature painting. His humorous, earthy style of painting was mainly expressed in allegorical and mythological genre scenes. He painted a number of paintings over and over again with slight changes.
Adriaen Thomasz Key Antwerp He was a highly regarded history and portrait painter who had access to aristocratic circles. His portraits are distinguished by subtle elegance.
His main works are altarpieces and Madonnas with a strong portrait character. He developed, as something completely new in his time, genre compositions with everyday events based on portraits, e.
The Money ChangerLouvre. He took their art and developed it with charming sophistication. He became the main master of the Southern Netherlandish School and kept the largest studio in Bruges in his day. Joos de Momper Antwerp Important Netherlandish landscape painter.
He preferred to paint scenes from rural and small town life, winter scenes, hunting scenes etc. Although he worked in the tradition of the Netherlandish masters, he was strongly influenced by Raphael.
He painted religious motifs and designed tapestries. Joachim Patenier Antwerp He was a highly innovative pioneer of landscape painting in which figures were handled only as subordinate compositional material.
Of main importance to him were fantastic representations of cliffs and rivers. He was one of the important representatives of the heritage of the Early Netherlandish School. He took over elements of Catholic Counter Reformation Baroque and applied them as an expression of passionate drive and exuberant animation to his large-scale canvases.We understand the history of humanity through art.
From prehistoric depictions of woolly mammoths to contemporary abstraction, artists have addressed their time and place in history and have expressed universal human truths for tens of thousands of years. The Netherlandish artists have been known by a variety of terms. "Late Gothic" is an early designation which emphasises continuity with the art of the Middle Ages.
In the early 20th century, the artists were variously referred to in English as the "Ghent-Bruges school" or the "Old Netherlandish school"."Flemish Primitives" is a traditional art-historical term borrowed from the French primitifs.
Art History and Its Methods [Eric Fernie] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Collects the work of twenty-seven influential art historians .
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